The ITA Hi-Performance Fibers Chart

There are many high performance fibers on the market. The following chart, and the accompanying Table 2 with brand names, should help to give you some idea of their properties and assist in choosing their use. It is not all inclusive, but does include the most commonly available materials. To select the right fiber, many factors should be considered, not just properties -- but it is a good place to start. And since things are changing, so will the availability of some of the fibers. Please contact ITA should you have questions or need assistance.

FIBERS &

PROPERTIES

Aramid(3)

M = meta

P = para

PAN/

Carbon

HDPE

(4)

Glass

Mela- mine

PBI

PBO

Nova-

loid

Phenolic

Poly-

acrylate

Poly-

arylate

liquid crystal

PPS

PTFE

Poly-

imide

Poly-

amide

imide

FIBER PROPERTIES

Tenacity - dry g/d 4.0-5.3 M

21-27 P

24

24-35

15.3

1.8

2.6-3.0

42

1.3-2.4

1.3-1.7

26-29

3.5

0.9-2.0

3.7

3.4

Tensile - 000 psi 90 M

400 P

31

375-435

500

30

50

N/A

20-30

25-33

525-585

61

40-50

67

75-80

Elongation at break % 22-32 M

2.5-4.0 P

19

2.8-4.4

4.8

12

25-30

2.5-3.5

30-60

20-30

3.3

40

19-140

19-21

16-21

Moisture Regain % 6.5 M

4.0 P

9

0

< 0.10

5

15

0.6-2.0

6-7.3

12

<0.10

0.6

0

3

4-4.5

Specific Gravity 1.38 M

1.44 P

1.4

.97

2.5

1.44

1.43

1.50

1.27

1.5

1.41

1.37

2.1

1.41

1.34

Avg. Toughness - g/d 0.30 M

0.85 P

N/A

N/A

0.37

N/A

0.4

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.15

N/A

N/A

Abrasion Resistance Good M

Poor P

Poor

Good

Poor

Fair

Good

Excel

Poor

Fair

Excel

Good

Good

Good

Good

Resilience Excellent

Poor

Fair

Poor

Fair

Excel

Excel

Fair

Good

Good

Good

Poor

Fair

N/A

CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

Solvents Excel M

Good P

Good

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Good

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Acids: dilute:

concentrated:

Good M

Fair P

Good

Poor

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Good

Poor

Excel

Excel

Good

Fair

Excel

Poor(1)

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Good

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Good

Fair

Alkalies: dilute:

concentrated:

Good M

Good P

Good

Good

Excel

Excel

Fair

Fair

Excel

Excel

Excel

Good

Excel

N/A

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Excel

Poor

Poor

Good

Good

Ultraviolet (UV) Poor

Good

Excel

Excel

Good

Good

P-Good

Excel

Excel

Poor

Excel

Excel

Good

Good

THERMAL PROPERTIES

Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI) 30 M

29 P

55

N/A

> 100

32

42

68

33

43

37

34

> 100

40

32

Thermal Conductivity

(BTU - in/hr2 per 0 F)

0.26 M

0.30 P

< .03

N/A

7.2

0.20

0.26

<0.3

0.28

0.31

3.81(5)

 

0.3

0.2

N/A

0.08

Usable Temp. 0 C

Short term:

Continuous:

 

315-370

230

 

V-High

220

 

Melts

at

147(4)

 

V-High

315

 

260-370

>200

 

> 595

315

Decomp

650

>300

Decomp

400

205

 

(2)

160

Decomp

>400

>200

 

260

205

Decomp

430

288

 

< 485

< 260

 

> 400

250

Smoke Emission -

Density:

 

1.0

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

Low

 

Low

 

Trace

 

Low

 

< 0.30

 

Trace

 

Low

 

N/A

 

Low

 

< 1.0

 

< 2.0

RELATIVE COST

1 = Low 4 = High

3

3

2

2

2

4

4

2

3

3

3

4

3

3

NOTES: 1 - Nitric and Sulfuric SOURCE: Producers literature

2 - Auto ignition @ 4500 C & 100% O2 and ITA database

3 - M - Meta-aramid (as Nomex); P - Para-aramid (as Kevlar)

4 - HDPE is not FR/High Temp, but low melt fiber with very high strength for high performance applications

5 - Polyarylate liquid crystal data is for Vectran Type HS. Conc acids <90%, Bases <30%; Thermal conductivity reported as (10)-4 cal/s/cm'C @ 23 degres C

Copyright 2000-2013, INDUSTRIAL TEXTILE ASSOCIATES, Greer, SC 29650 - Revised 4/01                           

Table 1 - Properties of Selected High Performance Fibers

____________________________

PRODUCERS OF HIGH PERFORMANCE FIBERS

Please note: the production of high performance fibers has shifted in the last few years. Many of them have been small volume with various companies acquiring the rights and producing at least some volume. This chart updated July 30, 2013

 

ARAMID

  Meta-Aramid:

    Nomex              (DuPont)                  

    Conex (Teijin)

 

  Para-Aramid:

    Kevlar (DuPont)

    Technora (Teijin)

    Twaron (Teijin)

   

 

 

PBI - Polybenzimidazole

  PBI (PBI Performance Fibers)

Note: PBI is a generic term and not trademarked as a fiber name.

 

PTFE - Fluorocarbon

   Teflon (Toray Fluorofibers - America)

    Gore PTFE (W.L.Gore)

     Toyoflon (Toyobo)

 

POLYARYLATE

(Liquid Crystal)

Vectran - (Kuraray)

 

PBO - Polyphenylenebenzobisoxasole

  Zylon (Toyobo)

 

 

 

PAN/CARBON –

   (Preoxidized

   polyacrylonitrile fiber)

     - partial listing -

 

   Curlon (RK Carbon Fibers)

   Fortafil (Fortafil Fibers))

   Hexcel CF (Hexcel)

   Panex (Zoltek)

   Sigrafil (SGL)

   Tenax (Toho Tenax)

   Torayca (Toray Carbon Fibers America)

   Thornel (Cytec Carbon Fibers)

 

GLASS:

(Various producers)

  E-Glass

  S-Glass

  Cardable Glass

 

 

POLYAMIDE IMIDE (Sometimes classified as meta-aramid)

 

   Kermel (Kermel)

         

 

 

POLYIMIDE

   P84 (Evonik)

 

 

HDPE

(High Density Polyethylene):

Spectra -(Honeywell Performance Fibers)

Dyneema (Toyobo/Dyneema, DMS)

 

 

PPS/Sulfar -        POLYPHENYLENE-SULFIDE

   Ryton (Toyobo)

   Procon (Evonik)

   Toray PPS (Toray)

 

 

SILICA

 

    Leached Glass (various)

    Quartzel:                                      (Saint-Gobain Quartz)

 

 

MELAMINE

  Basofil  (Basofil Fibers LLC)

 

 

 PEEK -  POLYETHERETHERKETONE 

   PEEK (Toyobo))

 

 

CERAMIC

    Nextel (3M)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 2 - Generic/Trade Names/Producers - Selected High Performance Fibers

Copyright 2000-2013, INDUSTRIAL TEXTILE ASSOCIATES, Greer, SC 29650